Celilo Falls (Wyam): Fishing Since Time Began

Celilo Falls was known as Wyam by the Native peoples … meaning “echo of falling water.” Fishing took place with dipnets and spears and continued in the same manner at places upriver and downriver from it for at least 10,000 years. Historically, an estimated fifteen to twenty million salmon passed through …

Celilo Village: Epicenter for Trade

Celilo Village was, essentially, an epicenter for trade. Some people today call it “The Wall Street of Indian Country.” Prior to the arrival of the settlers, the Native American village of Celilo was the center of a flourishing trade network that stretched east and west from the Great …

Artifacts from Celilo Village

People lived at Celilo Village for more than 10,000 years, yet few people who now live in the region ever stop to think about that amazing fact. Artifacts from Celilo Village and elsewhere throughout the Columbia River region have been carbon-dated to at least 10,000 years ago. But, …

Petroglyphs and Pictographs

Petroglyphs are rock art engravings, and pictographs are rock art paintings. Petroglyphs and pictographs are both important parts of the rich cultural heritage of the Columbia River people. Archeologists estimate that the oldest of them in the Columbia River region could be between 6,000 and 7,000 years old, …

She Who Watches

She Who Watches, whose Native name is Tsagaglal, is an image created in stone. Unlike most of the rock images found in the region, which are either rock etchings (petroglyphs) or rock paintings (pictographs), She Who Watches is both. She Who Watches sits high up on a bluff, overlooking …

Coyote the Trickster and Teacher

Coyote is a very important character to the Native people on the West Coast, the Great Basin area, and the Northwest Plateau. Coyote often takes on the persona of Coyote the Trickster, but Coyote can take on many other forms as well. He is, after all, a trickster! …